Revealing the secret: A developer’s guide to perfect floor finishing

Revealing the secret: A developer’s guide to perfect floor finishing

A modern living room with hardwood floor finishing
It’s important to know the artistry of floor finishing to choose the best option.


Welcome to the captivating realm of floor finishing, where every detail contributes to the enchantment of your living space. In the world of real estate development, the choice of the best floor finishing is more than a practical decision, it’s the creation of a foundation that sets the stage for aesthetics and functionality. From the elegance of design to the seamless blend of functionality, it stands as a cornerstone, shaping spaces and experiences.

As devoted guides at Samcon Condos Montreal, we are thrilled to embark on a journey with you through the artistry of floor finishing. We will delve into the intricacies of floor finishes, examining the distinctive qualities that set each option apart. Whether you’re an experienced developer or a homeowner in search of the ideal foundation, this comprehensive guide serves as your gateway to uncovering the secrets behind achieving the perfect floor finish. Keep reading and witness the unraveling of excellence in your flooring choices!

Exploring Floor Finishing Options

Living room with tile flooring and modern furniture
Tile flooring unfolds as a diverse range of options.

1. Hardwood Floor Finishing

Hardwood flooring, a perennial favourite, stands as a testament to timeless appeal, offering a rich variety that transforms spaces into luxurious sanctuaries. Among the notable varieties are Oak, Maple, Cherry, Mahogany, and Bamboo flooring, each contributing a unique essence to interiors. Let’s take a closer look at some types of hardwood and what makes them special as a floor finishing:


  • Oak Floors: Oak is tough and comes in two types: red oak and white oak also white oak can have different shades, making it great for various designs, oak floors last a long time because they don’t change much with moisture. 

  • Maple Floors: Maple is strong and not too expensive. It has a nice pattern and light colour that fits many styles, additionally, it’s a good choice if you want both a pretty floor and one that lasts. 

  • Cherry Floors: Cherry wood is tough and can handle scratches well. It gets darker over time, adding character to your home. It is also quick to install, and a good option if you’re in a hurry. 

  • Mahogany Floors: Mahogany wood has a warm and rich look. It’s strong and doesn’t bend easily from heat, in addition, it has a dark colour that hides dust well and keeps your home looking beautiful with less effort. 

  • Bamboo Floors: Even though bamboo is grass, it’s as tough as wood. It comes in different styles and is easy to clean. Its pet-friendly, scratch-resistant surface makes it an ideal choice for those seeking a harmonious blend of aesthetics and practicality. Just remember, bamboo floors don’t like too much moisture, so they might not be best for places like basements.

Each type of hardwood has its charm, offering beauty and durability that can make your home feel cozy and inviting for years to come. As Cindy Kaufman, notes, “If well maintained, it can last generations,” making hardwood an unbeatable choice for those seeking
longevity and sophistication in their flooring.

2. Laminate Floor Finishing

Laminate flooring emerges as a cost-effective alternative to hardwood, offering a versatile and resilient solution that replicates the appearance of various materials like hardwood, stone, or ceramic tiles. 

It is Constructed as a multi-layer synthetic product. Its composition includes a wear layer, a decorative layer featuring a high-resolution photographic image, a high-density fiberboard core layer, and a stabilizing backing layer.

It is renowned for its durability, and boasts resistance against wear, moisture, and stains, surpassing the resilience of traditional hardwood, his attribute makes it a compelling choice for homeowners mindful of maintenance and seeking long-term cost savings.

The allure of laminate flooring extends beyond its durability—its affordability stands out prominently,for this reason,with prices ranging from $1 to $7 per square foot, laminate proves notably more budget-friendly than hardwood, which can range from $3 to $15 per square foot. This cost discrepancy is influenced by manufacturing processes, materials, and installation expenses, making laminate a compelling choice for those seeking an economical yet appealing flooring option.

Moreover, the versatility of laminate flooring extends to its installation areas. Whether for the living room, bedroom, kitchen, or basement, laminate’s adaptability allows for consistent, aesthetically pleasing flooring throughout your home.

3. Tile Floor Finishing

Tile flooring unfolds as a diverse range of options, each contributing its unique charm to different spaces. From the enduring legacy of ceramic tiles to the robust versatility of porcelain and the timeless elegance of natural stone, let’s explore the variety of tiles and their suitability for various spaces.

Ceramic Tiles

Ceramic tiles are crafted from natural clay and fired at high temperatures, and they stand as versatile and enduring options. With glaze, matte, and glossy finishes, they provide a canvas for creative design, simultaneously ceramic tiles excel in areas demanding durability, resisting stains, scratches, and moisture. Kitchens, bathrooms, and pool areas benefit from their easy maintenance and diverse aesthetic possibilities.

Porcelain Tiles

They are renowned for strength, durability, and water resistance, and emerge as a resilient choice for various spaces. With a low water absorption rate, they thrive in moisture-prone areas like bathrooms and kitchens, finally, they offer design flexibility, catering to contemporary or rustic preferences. Their easy maintenance makes them an ideal choice for creating visually appealing and personalized environments.

Natural Stone Tiles

Natural stone tiles, such as marble, boast unique veining patterns and a luxurious appearance that elevate spaces with timeless elegance. While softer than some alternatives, they prove durable and suitable for floors and walls. Marble tiles, in particular, are ideal for creating a luxurious atmosphere in areas like bathrooms and living spaces.

Glass Tiles

Adding a vibrant splash of colour and sparkle, glass tiles captivate with their transparency and diverse colours. They are fused from heated sand and minerals, and come in various forms, creating a play of light that enhances any space, in the same way, they are suited for bathroom walls, window detailing, and commercial properties, and they effortlessly infuse designs with personality.. 

Tile flooring, regardless of type, offers easy maintenance and design flexibility. This floor finishing is resistant to stains, scratches, and moisture and simplifies upkeep. Moreover, its diverse range of colours, finishes, and textures allows for creative expression in every space. From kitchens to bathrooms and beyond, tile flooring stands as a durable, adaptable, and stylish choice for various areas in your home.

Pricing Considerations

Money and calculator on a table
Navigating the landscape of floor finishing involves strategic pricing considerations. From budget-friendly options to premium choices, understanding the cost factors is key to making informed decisions for your space. Let’s delve into the pricing intricacies that shape your flooring journey.


Hardwood floor finishing

Hardwood flooring brings a timeless elegance to spaces, but understanding its pricing dynamics is crucial for informed decision-making. The prices of hardwood flooring are impacted by many factors, these include:


  • Wood Species: The type of wood selected significantly influences the price of hardwood floors. European woods like French oak often come at a more affordable price compared to exotic species.
  • Solid Wood vs. Engineered Wood: Hardwood floors are available in two main forms: solid and engineered. Solid wood floors, comprised of one thick wood layer, are generally more expensive than engineered floors. Engineered floors, with a top layer of wood, offer a cost-effective alternative.
  • Origin and Wood Quality: Understanding the origin and quality of the wood is crucial. The strength class, influenced by brushes, grain pattern, and drying method, indicates the wood’s maximum load and suitability for different structures. The durability class, not indicative of price but quality, assesses resistance to degradation. Opting for wood from proven sustainable sources ensures longevity and maintains quality.
  • Width and Thickness Impact: Wider and longer floorboards with a thicker wood layer result in a higher cost per square meter. While wide planks offer aesthetic appeal in large spaces, they require larger trees, increasing production costs.
  • Wood Floor Finishes: The choice of finishes, such as oils or lacquers, influences the final appearance and price of a wood floor. Adding a colour pigment to the oil allows for customization, but the finishing process, involving three to seven steps, affects the overall cost.

While the upfront investment in hardwood flooring might be higher compared to other options, it’s essential to view it as a long-term value. Hardwood floors, when properly maintained, can last for generations, adding enduring beauty to your home.

However, if you want to go budget-friendly, here are some tips for you:
  • Opt for domestic wood species like oak, maple, or hickory.
  • Consider engineered hardwood for a cost-effective alternative.
  • Look for promotions, discounts, and clearance sales.
  • Explore pre-finished hardwood for a durable and cost-efficient solution.

Laminate Pricing

Laminate flooring emerges as a budget-friendly alternative, offering an affordable solution without compromising on style or quality, furthermore, it provides a cost-effective choice for those seeking an attractive floor within budget constraints. The lower cost is often attributed to the manufacturing process, materials used, and simplified installation, making it an accessible option for various projects.

Contrary to its economical pricing, laminate flooring doesn’t skimp on quality or design options. While higher-priced laminates may offer enhanced durability and more intricate designs, even the more budget-friendly options can deliver impressive aesthetics and reliable performance. The variety of finishes, textures, and patterns available ensures that there’s a laminate flooring style to suit every taste and project requirement.

For budget-conscious projects, laminate flooring proves to be a smart investment. Its cost-effectiveness doesn’t compromise durability, and its easy installation process can further save on labour expenses. Whether you’re updating a room or renovating an entire space, laminate flooring provides an affordable, stylish, and practical solution for those looking to achieve a high-end look without breaking the bank.

Tile Pricing

Tile pricing weaves a diverse pattern, reflecting the variety of materials and production processes. Natural stone tiles, such as marble and terrazzo, occupy the higher price echelons, owing to intricate mining and scarcity. Their timeless allure, exemplified by luxurious Stone Hexagon marble mosaic tiles, justifies the investment for enduring elegance on walls and floors.

Conversely, man-made options like ceramic and porcelain tiles offer cost-effective alternatives. Ceramic tiles, with their lighter density, are economical, especially for wall applications. Porcelain, slightly pricier due to increased durability, suits both walls and floors. Handmade tiles, exemplified by Casablanca wall tiles, bring a bespoke touch but incur added costs for their labour-intensive craftsmanship.

Within porcelain, price variations arise based on factors like origin and manufacturing processes. Tiles mimicking natural materials show differing costs, influenced by printing technology. Screen printing may result in repetition, while digital printing ensures a crisper, realistic finish, commanding a higher price for superior quality.

Navigating tile pricing involves considering the material’s unique qualities, production methods, and the balance between cost and the desired aesthetic for a tailored approach to flooring decisions.

Acoustics and Quality

Feet walking on carpet
The flooring has an influence on the room’s acoustics.

Acoustics in Hardwood

Hardwood floor finishing not only brings elegance but also influences room acoustics. The dense nature of hardwood contributes to sound reflection, creating a warm ambiance. To enhance acoustics, underlayment plays a pivotal role in sound absorption, mitigating echoes and footsteps. The choice of hardwood can significantly impact noise reduction, making it crucial to strike a balance between aesthetics and acoustic considerations.

Acoustics in Laminate

Laminate flooring, composed of multiple layers, affects sound transmission. The dense core minimizes noise, offering a quieter environment. Additional underlayment can further enhance acoustics, reducing the impact of footsteps and other noises. Quality plays a key role in noise reduction, emphasizing the need to choose laminates crafted with superior materials and construction for a harmonious blend of style and acoustic comfort.

Quality and Durability of Tile

Tile flooring, renowned for durability, stands resilient in high-traffic areas, also, the quality of tile directly influences its longevity, ensuring it withstands the test of time and retains its aesthetic appeal. Quality tile finishes boast low-maintenance characteristics, requiring minimal upkeep. The marriage of quality and durability in tile provides a symphony of benefits, making it a resilient and aesthetically pleasing choice for a variety of spaces.

Durability and Maintenance

Hardwood Durability

Hardwood’s durability stands the test in various settings, showcasing resilience against wear in high-traffic areas. To preserve its allure, regular maintenance is key,  with this in mind, some tips include routine cleaning with suitable products, avoiding excessive moisture, and promptly addressing spills. Refinishing serves as a rejuvenating option, extending the lifespan and beauty of hardwood floors.

Laminate Durability

Laminate’s wear resistance proves its durability against daily use. Preserving its appearance involves simple maintenance like regular sweeping or vacuuming and using gentle cleaners. In case of damage, the potential for replacing damaged sections offers a practical solution to maintain the floor’s integrity without extensive renovation.

Tile Durability

Tiles exhibit remarkable resistance to stains, scratches, and water, making them a durable choice for diverse spaces. Minimal maintenance, such as regular cleaning with non-abrasive products, keeps tiles looking pristine. Quality installations ensure the longevity of tiles, standing firm against wear and tear over time, making them a lasting investment in both aesthetics and durability.*

Ease of Installation

Hardwood Installation

Hardwood installation demands precision and expertise. The process involves subfloor preparation, precise measurements, and careful placement of each plank. Professional installation ensures a seamless finish, with the option to choose between pre-finished and unfinished hardwood. While pre-finished offers convenience, unfinished hardwood allows for customized staining and finishing on-site.

Laminate Installation

Laminate installation is known for its ease and efficiency. The click-and-lock mechanism facilitates a straightforward process, suitable for DIY enthusiasts. Floating floor installations, where planks lock together without adhesive, enhance the simplicity of laminate installation, for this reason its user-friendly nature makes laminate a viable choice for those looking to embark on DIY flooring projects.

Tile Installation

Tile installation requires meticulous attention to detail. Proper substrate preparation is crucial for a stable foundation. While skilled DIYers may attempt small projects, professional installation is recommended for precision, especially in intricate patterns or larger spaces. The expertise ensures accurate alignment, spacing, and grout application, resulting in a polished and enduring tile installation.


The guide has highlighted floor finishing options: timeless hardwood, budget-friendly laminate, and versatile tiles. Key factors like durability, aesthetics, and pricing shape these choices. It’s crucial to align flooring with project needs and budgets. Informed decisions, whether opting for enduring hardwood, cost-effective laminate, or the charm of tiles, shape perfect foundations. Developers and homeowners are encouraged to weigh these factors, crafting spaces that blend beauty, functionality, and financial prudence for an ideal living canvas.

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